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Koi fish diseases are rampant in the pond fish. They exist in several forms with various treatment options. However, you can be sure that treating your sick koi and tending to its ailments is going to be quite a challenge. You will need to arm yourself with knowledge and patience to diagnose correctly and treat appropriately.
There are dozens of koi fish diseases, and the better you learn about them, the better your diagnosis and treatment will be. Here are ten most common diseases koi fish are vulnerable to.
Among the most deadly koi fish diseases is Costia or Necatrix. We also commonly refer to it as a chilodonella, which is so contagious that it can kill many koi fish within no time. The most common sign of chilodonella is a haemorrhage bluish or red spot under the skin of your koi.
You use potassium permanganate to treat this issue. When you regularly salt the pond, the bacteria giving rise to this disease will eliminate.
The white spot disease of ICH is the second most common disease. It begins growing in the pond and then attaches to your koi’s gills as the infection grows. You can diagnose this disease by looking for salt like white grains on your koi.
Ich may kill many small koi if the pond is overcrowded and also create other infections. This disease mainly stems from poor water conditions, so you can prevent this with good water chemistry.
3. Fin Rot
Bacterial infections are major contributors to fin rot and various ulcerations. If you have subjected the water to some form of chemical imbalance, you may be creating grounds for fin rot, which will undoubtedly affect your koi.
You can cure this disease with chemical additives. Ulcers and fin rot can cure with the help of acriflavine and formalin.
4. Pinecone or Dropsy Disease
When your koi develop the dropsy disease, you will note their eyes are bulging, the scales lifting, or even swelling. The wisest course of action would be first to separate the infected fish from the normal ones. This disease is fatal, and you would do well to keep an eye for early symptoms so that you can give the non-affected fish better chances of survival.
5. Mouth Rot
Poor water quality is the major factor behind this disease and causes sores in the mouths of the koi. This fish disease is curable, and you can clean the pond’s environment as treatment. Furthermore, you can use hydrogen peroxide and iodine to cure the mouth sores.
6. Tail Rot
The problem that could cause tail rot is stress and poor conditions of the water. You koi could even suffer immune-compromised because of this , and in a weakened state, the bacteria may render more harm to your koi’s fins.
Firstly, try to opt for a 30% to 50% water change in the pond. You may add salt or mela-fix for your pond t o eliminate the bacteria. This will also reduce the stress levels as well as clean the water.
Kois are always at risk with trichodina, flukes, and several other parasites. You must keep a close check on your koi’s health and the cleanliness of the pond and water conditions to prevent this problem.
With this practice, the only other possible threat will be adding a new fish collection to your pond. What you can do is to follow a quarantine period for your new fish because no matter how much you try, getting a 100% parasite-free pond is impossible. Thus, opt for alternative measures or treat the affected with flubendazole from a reputable dealer.
Columnaris is the most dangerous where your fish are injured but can also cause mouth, tail, and fin rot. Even when your fish is under duress, it may fall susceptible to columnar is. The most common symptom are sunken eyes or a white film visible on their skin. However, you must note that columnaris is fatal and highly dangerous for your koi, so it is best to give swift treatment.
9. Koi Pox
The koi pox infection has no immediate treatment, but we know that pathogen is the major cause. The most you can hope for is the immune system of your koi to fight this infection on its own. As a proactive measure, you should strive to give timely vaccinations, but if the infection has already come into existence, you must adhere to a strict pond maintenance schedule.
Lernea is a worm you can spot with your naked eye and is the deadliest parasite for your koi’s health. The female lernea attaches to the koi while the males do not. They burrow deep into your koi’s flesh while letting some part of their worm-body hang out. This bit is what you can spot with your eye.
The worm eats the fish bit by bit, damaging its tissues until the koi dies. The common symptoms of this disease are inflammation in koi bodies and breathing difficulties.
Where treatment is concerned, you can first attempt to pull out the worms since it is visible to the naked eye. However, if you feel the worm is embedded too deeply inside the fish, you can use chemicals to kill the parasite. You may use Malathion, Dylox, and Trichlorfon to eliminate this deadly disease.
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Koi fish diseases can be of varying types, from deadly to easily curable. It is best to educate yourself on the varying diseases as much as possible to provide prompt diagnosis and treatment to save the lives of your koi fish in time.